Fencing Missile Combatant: A combatant wearing armor* for fencing weapons combat who will be using missile equipment in combat and/or will be participating where Fencing Combat Archery is employed.
Fencing Combat Archer: A combatant wearing armor* for fencing weapons combat and who will be using missile equipment in combat.
Fencing Combat Regular: A combatant wearing armor* for fencing weapons combat and who will be using fencing equipment in combat.
*See below for minimum armor requirements.
FENCING COMBAT ARCHERS
- Fencing Combat Archers shall meet the minimal MSR standards for a fully armored, Fencing weapons combatant.
- Fencing Combat Archers shall be authorized (i.e. qualified) to participate by the marshallate. The archer must be previously
qualified in the bow type they are using and show, during this authorization, that:
- They are familiar with the Rules of the Lists and the MSR Missile Combat Rules.
- They can recognize and accept a killing blow.
- They are safe to themselves and their opponents.
- They can keep their bow out of the way during combat.
- They have an awareness of spectator safety.
- A Fencing Combat Archer may become a Fencing Combat Regular provided that they are authorized as a regular combatant. They must first discard their bow in a safe manner so as not to cause a hazard and replaces it with an approved weapon/weapons and/or buckler and may only assume in the form they are authorized.
- A Fencing Combat Regular may become a Fencing Combat Archer provided that they are authorized as a combat archer. They must first discard their weapon/weapons and/or buckler in a safe manner so as not to cause a hazard and replaces it with an approved bow.
FENCING COMBAT ARCHERS EQUIPMENT
All missile combatants bear final responsibility for the condition and safety of their own equipment. In general no bare skin should show on a combatant entering the lists.
Basic Fencing Armor Requirements:
- Three weapon fencing mask
- Three weapon, waist length, heavy canvas fencing jacket. Uncovered double knit jackets are not acceptable. If a 3 weapons jacket is worn, it should be covered by a tabard or other period clothing. Alternately a fencing garment may be constructed to appear to be a medieval costume. It should be constructed to provide equivalent protection to the 3 weapons fencing jacket acceptable examples include:
- 2 layers of 10+ ounce bull denim
- or 2 layers of heavy fabric with a layer of batting quilted in between.
If the garment buttons, the 2 sides should overlap sufficiently to avoid gaps.
- Safety plastron or vest.
- Groin protection. (plastic cup for men)
- Leather gloves with gauntlet extending at least 3 inches above the cuff of the jacket.
- Boots or other appropriate period footgear completely covering the feet and ankles.
- Any other safety equipment deemed necessary, for performance purposes.
- Heavy tights such as dancing tights or sweatpants must be worn on the legs
- Coif, a thick hood (see item 2. equiptment requirements) or similar protection required for back of head and neck when combat archery is being used
- Gorget is required for all schlager combat
- The wearing of armor and clothing that gives as period an appearance as possible is required, e.g., no exposed knee or elbow pads, duct tape, etc.
- A Combat Archer may use any recurve or longbow that is in a safe and usable condition, so long as the bow does not exceed 385 inch pounds at the approved arrow length or the users draw length (see below for method of calculation). Bows shall be inspected before use by a warranted marshal, knowledgeable about archery equipment and safety.
- No one may shoot a non-approved missile from his or her bow. Shooting an arrow from a bow exceeding 385 inch pounds is not permitted and are grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking their authorization.
- Bows shall be inspected before use by a warranted combat archery marshal.
- Compound bows are not permitted. The use of hand bows that have a period appearance is strongly recommended.
- A Combat Archer may only use a Light Crossbow that is in a safe and usable condition. A Light Crossbow is one that does not exceed 385 inch pounds (see below for method of calculation). Crossbows shall be inspected before use by a warranted combat archery marshal knowledgeable about archery equipment and safety.
- No one may shoot a non-approved bolt from his or her bow. Shooting an bolt from a crossbow with more than 385 inch pounds is not permitted and are grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking their authorization.
- Crossbows shall be inspected before use by a warranted combat archery marshal.
- Compound crossbows are not permitted. The use of crossbows that have a period appearance is strongly recommended.
ARROWS AND BOLTS
Only the current sanctioned MSR approved combat arrows and bolts may be used. New designs or materials for blunts, shafts, etc. must first be tested at a kingdom level for safety and durability and approved by the marshallette.
FENCING COMBAT BLUNT
- The shaft shall be securely fitted with a rubber bird blunt and glued in place.
- The rubber blunt is then covered with a sleeve of least 1/2 inch closed cell foam.
- The striking surface or face shall be made of a disk of at least 1 1/2 inch diameter and 1 1/2 inch deep closed cell foam.
- The blunt must be wrapped by at least one layer (minimum) and no more than three good quality electrical, strapping, or duct tape.
Arrows and Bolts:
- Arrows and bolts must have the blunt head MSR approved combat blunt. The padded face of the blunt must be at least 1 1/2 of soft cell foam may be flat, rounded or parabolic, but not pointed.
- Padding on the face of a blunt that has compacted under use to less than an inch in thickness must be replaced.
- Only solid fiberglass shafted arrows are permitted. Shafts should be solid fiberglass of a minimum diameter of 1/4 inch to 5/16 inch. The use of greater than 5/16 shafts makes an overly heavy arrow, and is not recommended.
- Blunts shall be firmly secured to the shaft so that they cannot come off on impact or if the shaft is broken. All blunts must be secured by at least one layer (minimum) and no more than three good quality electrical, strapping, or duct tape. This shall run over the face of the blunt and down the sides, and onto the shaft for at least one inch. It shall be secured further by another strip of tape, which wraps around it as well as the base of the blunt and the shaft.
- An arrows Maximum allowable draw length (bottom of the nock slot to just behind the blunt) is 28 inches. Crossbow bolts must be of a suitable length where it will rest on the table without the blunt interfering with the secure resting of the shaft against the table.
- Metal points must be removed prior to mounting bird blunt. The front end of the shaft must be flat, not pointed. A slight rounding of the edges is allowed for ease of construction. The use of metal points or sharp shafts will be considered grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking their authorization.
- Arrows shall be used only after inspection supervised by a marshal. Archers shall be responsible for rechecking the safety of all arrows at the time of use.
- All arrows/bolts shall be clearly marked for identification with the name or initials of the user to make it easier to locate the maker/owner of the arrows.
- Plastic nocks are permitted. All arrows must be fletched. Fletching should be of feathers and may be wipped.
FENCING MISSILE COMBAT RULES
- Hits from an arrow follow fencing rules. An arrow hit equals a thrust. Due to the restrictions that have been placed on missile weapons (i.e., bow draw weight, arrow construction), missiles are not required to strike as hard as non-missile weapons in order for the blow to be counted. Arrow hits must strike squarely. If the arrow continues past the target, it is not considered a hit.
- A Fencing Combat Archer is struck/killed by the "touch" manner of fencing weapon and, as any combatant on the field, by arrows. A cry of "yield" shall be accepted. Once killed, Fencing Combat Archers should hug their bow and remove themselves from the field immediately or "die defensively" being removed from combat as soon as practical thus decreasing the chance that a bow will be stepped on.
- When Fencing Missile Combatants are on the field, archers must be 10 feet from their target and be within a 180 degree frontal plane in order to loose an arrow at said target. A target struck in the back while turning away from an already airborne arrow is legally struck. Archer may not loose an arrow deliberately at a target's back.
- Arrows may only be used as missiles launched from a bow. No one may shoot a non-approved missile from a bow or crossbow. No arrows/bolts shall be used as hand-held thrusting weapons. Such use may be considered grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking their authorization.
- Bows or crossbows may not be used to strike an opponent, nor may Fencing combat archers protect themselves from attack with the bow. Bows or crossbows may not be used as a shield against fencing weapons.
- Should a bow be struck with an arrow it is considered broken and may not be used further in that battle. If an arrow hits a weapon and then hits an opponent, it is still a live arrow.
Gleaning of Arrows:
- No arrows may be gleaned and re-inspected on the field by the archer and then reused.
MARSHALING MISSILE COMBAT
- The Marshal-in-Charge (MIC) shall be responsible for establishing a safe area for spectators and non-combatants. The Marshal-in-Charge shall ensure that all spectators are made aware of the danger of missile weapons prior to the start of combat. They shall attempt to minimize the risk to all spectators, participants, and bystanders as much as possible given the constraints of the site.
- Where missile combat is to take place, a readily identifiable boundary for the combat shall be established. The Marshal-in-Charge shall establish a safe distance for the spectators from the boundary as is appropriate to the scenario and missiles used.
- If any combatant crosses any established boundary (i.e., into a spectators' area), a hold must be called immediately and the combatant(s) involved must be repositioned safely before being allowed to resume combat. Any combatant who crosses such a boundary and then discharges a missile or otherwise endangers a spectator will be ejected from the battle and may be ejected from the event or subject to other sanctions. Any combatant intentionally striking, or attempting to strike, any non-combatant (water bearer, marshal, herald, etc.) with a weapon shall be ejected from the battle and may be ejected from the event or subject to other sanctions. This also applies to any missile user intentionally hitting, or attempting to hit, a non-combatant or spectator with any missile.
- Marshals should pay special attention to enforcement of the capture /slaying rules, and to strictly enforcing the above rules concerning crossing boundaries.
- It is strongly recommended that minimum MSR fencing armor be worn by all non-combatants, such as marshals, for protection who may accidentally come in contact with combatants or the combat arrows in use.
- Marshals are urged to wear marshaling tabards, or carry a clearly marked marshaling staff.
WARRANT MARSHAL DUTIES
- They must inspect the armor of the Fencing Missile Combatants to be certain they are properly equipped before allowing them to take the field.
- They must inspect and approve any bow that is to be used for Fencing Missile Combat. They will inspect the bow to make sure it is safe and in a usable condition. They will also be charged with measuring the poundage of said bows, making certain they do not exceed 35 pounds draw weight at 28 inches of draw or the equivalent of 385 inch pounds at the approved arrow length or the users draw length. The number of inch pounds is determined by multiplying the length of the "power stroke" in inches by average pounds of pull through the "power stroke" "average pounds" is determined by measuring the weight at full draw and the weight at brace (always zero) and multiplying by 1/2. "power stroke"= the distance between the string at rest (brace) and the position of the string at the users full draw or maximum the arrow may be drawn.
- They must inspect and approve any arrow that is to be used for Fencing Missile Combat. They will inspect the arrow to make sure it is safe and in a usable condition and that it is the proper length for the bow being used.
Method 1: Using the Arrow Length Formula substitute the quantities for the variables ( P is 385 ) and solve for A.
Method 2: Using a bowscale draw the bow to 35 lbs. then measure that length for the arrow. This will determin the length of the arrow from the nock slit to the back of the blunt.
- They must inspect and approve any crossbow that is to be used for Fencing Missile Combat. They will inspect the crossbow to make sure it is safe and in a usable condition. They will also be charged with measuring the poundage of said crossbow, making certain that it does not exceed 385 inch pounds. The number of inch pounds is determined by multiplying the length of the "power stroke" in inches by average pounds of pull through the "power stroke" "average pounds" is determined by measuring the weight at full draw (at the point at which the string is locked into the nut) and the weight at brace (always zero) and multiplying by 1/2. "power stroke"= the distance between the string at rest (brace) and locked position on the string.
Measuring A Bow
1/2(weight at full draw+weight at brace) times (Power stroke)=inch pounds
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Measuring A Crossbow
1/2(weight at full draw+weight at brace) times (Power stroke)=inch pounds
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